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Read-only replicas - Taking advantage of free DTUs

A new feature of Azure SQL enables us to simplify how we do our day to day business when we need to have analytics capabilities in near-real time on our databases.

A common scenario is when you have an Azure SQL database that is heavy hit by the clients, and we need reporting or analytics capabilities at the same time. A common solution is to create a read-only replica that it is used for reporting, data aggregation and other daily or weekly small things that you have to do with data.
Even when you have a data warehouse or a reporting layer, you still need for some narrow cases to go directly to the live database for real (near) time analytics.
Another case is when you have many read operations on data that are not changed so often, and you cannot integrate a cache level. Sounds odd, but there are some country regulations that might force you to do that.

Current solution
For all these scenarios usually, it involves creating a replica in the same or another Azure Region that it…

Azure Redis Cache and connection management

These days I encountered an application deployed on Azure that had connectivity issues with Azure Redis Cache.
The application is a web-based application with most of the logic inside Azure Functions. The system it is using Azure Redis Cache for data exchange between the web-application and the functions behind the scene that is crunching the data.
The deployment is stable and working as expected for 5-10 minutes. After that, it is down for the next 20-30 minutes. The cycle repeats over and over again with a generic error on both sides (Azure Web Application and Azure Functions) that indicates that the source of the problem is Azure Redis Cache.

The errors are similar to the one below:
No connection is available to service this operation: RPUSH ST; UnableToConnect on, origin: ResetNonConnected, input-buffer: 0, outstanding: 0, last-read: 5s ago, last-write: 5s ago, unanswered-write: 459810s ago, keep-alive: 60s, pending: 0, state: Connect…

Serialized headaches when you combine .NET Core and .NET 4.6

When I'm involved in an application development project, I try all the time to keep the language ecosystem reduced as much as possible. Even if we are leaving in a world where interoperability is higher than ever, there are times when because of this you can lose a lot of time because of it.

Let's take the below example: An Azure Function application wrote in .NET 4.6 that send messages to Azure Service Bus Topic. Inside the message body content is serialized in JSON formatAn Azure Web App application wrote in .NET Core that receives messages from Azure Service Topic and displays it on the UI.
Everything it is okay until you run the code and an error occurs during deserialization. When you take a look at what you send and receive you see the following:

.NET 4.6 OUTPUT:       @ string 3�k{"CountryCode":"RO","AlertType":0,"Level":5,"ValidFrom":"2018-04-05T10:14:00.0458475Z&quo…

Azure Policy - An excellent tool for resource governance inside Azure

The number of Azure Regions increases every day. Just a few days ago two new locations were announced. All the things that are now happing related to the cloud are not only crazy but also scarry.

Scarry from the government and legal perspective. For example inside an Azure Subscription, a user can create storages in any location around the globe. What happens if you based in the UK, you have customer information that is not allowed to leave the country.
You might say that you would train the team that has the rights to create new resources only in Azure Regions that are based in the UK. This solution is not enough because from government perspective you don't have a mechanism that would enforce this.

To enforce something like this, Microsoft Azure is offering Azure Policies. This service is allowing us to define a specific list of rules and actions that are applying automatically to resources that are created under particular Azure Subscription or Azure Resource Group (or even Man…

Different cases of Azure VM 'reboots'

This post is focusing on different types of maintenance activities that can happen on your Azure Virtual Machine (VM). Depending on the actions that need to be done on your VM, this can have a direct or indirect impact on the machine availability or performance. 
Impact types First of all, let's identify how a machine can be impacted by different maintenance activities. We do not include in this discussion cases like outages or disasters. Performance decrease: During a live migration of a machine, the performance of the machine can be lower than usual. This happens because of the live migration of a machine from one physical hardware to another that consumes resources.Pause: For a short period of time the machine is paused, but without data loss or connectivity problems (E.g., RDP connection is maintained, but delayed for a short period of time).Unplanned reboot: There are isolated cases when the VM needs a restart. In this situation, there is a short period of downtime until the ma…

Fundamental Books of a Software Engineer (version 2018)

More then six years ago I wrote a blog post about fundamental books that any software engineer (developer) should read. Now it is an excellent time to update this list with new entries.

There are 5 different categories of books, that represent the recommended path. For example, you start with Coding books, after that, you read books about Programming, Design and so on.
There are some books about C++ that I recommend not because you shall know C++, only because the concepts that you can learn from it.


Writing solid codeCode completeProgramming Pearls, more programming pearls(recommended)[NEW] Introduction to Algorithms


Refactoring (M. Fowler)Pragmatic ProgrammerClean code[NEW] Software Engineering: A Practitioner's Approach[NEW] The Mythical Man-Month[NEW] The Art of Computer Programming


Applying UML and Patterns (GRASP patterns)C++ coding standards (Sutter, Alexandrescu)The C++ programming language (Stroustrup, Part IV)Object-oriented programming (Peter Coad)P…